Ashwortth, Anderw (1992), Sentencing and Criminal Justice, Printed in Great Britain by Butler and Tanner Ltd, Frome and London.
Bagaric, Mirko (2001), Punishment and Sentencing: A Rational Approach first published in great Britain, Cavendish publishing limited, London.
Duff and David Garland (1994), A Reader on Punishment, Oxford University press.
Easton, Susan and piper, Christine (2005), Sentencing and Punishment, Oxford University.
Hart .H .L. A (1993), Punishment and Responsibility, clarendom press.
Igor, Primortz (1990), Justifying Legal Punishment, printed in U.S.A.
Kershnar, S. (1995), The Justification of deserved punishment, University of Nebraska, Bell and Howell information company USA.
Marsh ian, John .Cochrane and gagnor Melville (2004), Criminal Justice, An introduction to philosophies, theories and practice, first published, Routledge taylor and froncis Group, condon and newsourk.
Matravers, Matt (2000), Justice and Punishment, New Yourk oxford university press, first publish.
Norrie, Alan (2002), Punishment, Responsibility and Justice, A Relational Critique, oxford university press.
Oconnell. M., and Whelan. A. (1996), Taking wrongs seriously: Public perception of crime seriousness, British Journal of Criminology.
Sprack, John (2004), A Practical Approach to Criminal Procedure, Oxford university press, tenth edition.
Ten, C.L (1995), The Effects of Punishment, from: Crime and punishment, By Gorr and Harwood printed in U.S.A, jones and Bartlett publishers.
Von Hirsch, Anderw (1993), censure and Sanctions, Oxford.
Von Hirsch, A. (1992), Proportionality in the Philosophy of Punishment, Chicago, University Chicago.
Wasik, martin, and Taylor. R .D . (1991), Blackston‘s Guide To The Criminal Justice Act 1991, Blackston press.
Zaibert, Leo, (2005), Punishment and Retribution, Ashgate publishing company U.S.A.
http:// www. Sentencing guidelines. go. Uk.