Volume 23, Issue 83 (Fall 2018 2018)                   __Judicial Law Views __2012__, 23(__59__): __224222 | Back to browse issues page

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Abdollahi A, golmohammadi M. Inspection of Homes, Places, Objects and Individuals in Iranian and French Law. دیدگاه‌های حقوقی. 2018; 23 (83) :183-222
URL: http://jlviews.ujsas.ac.ir/article-1-1175-en.html
1- Sanandaj, university of Kovdestsn , afshin.abdoollahi@yahoo.com
2- Tehran, University of Shahid Beheshty
Abstract:   (2484 Views)
One of the actions that judicial authorities are conducting in preliminary investigations is the issuance of an inspection order for homes, places and individuals. Implementation of these orders may in certain cases contradicts individual rights and freedoms, and in particular the privacy of individuals. In this regard, the main question of the research is that what evolutions has the Inspection of Places, Objects and Persons in terms of foundation and practice and are these developments critical? After a comparative review on the criteria of inspection and its method in the Code of Criminal Procedure 1392 and French Penal Code one can conclude that in the Code of Criminal Procedure 1392, a more appropriate approach has been taken to protect the rights of individuals. In this way, by clarifying and introducing new regulations, the way to abusive authority has minimized. Existence of a criminal enforcement and legislating law enforcement will largely guarantee the accuracy of the investigation, but the Iranian legislator must, like France legislator, in case of violation of the inspection rules provides invalidation of investigations, even though some of our judges have adopted the same procedure referring to article 36 Code of Criminal Procedure. In this regard, French law can be taken into consideration and during the pilot period of the Code of Criminal Procedure 1392, the legislator may take it to account that existing laws must be reviewed to provide a solution in any area where deficiencies exist.
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Type of Study: Critical & Analisis | Subject: Criminal Law
Received: 2018/01/14 | Revised: 2019/07/04 | Accepted: 2018/09/24 | Published: 2019/03/19 | ePublished: 2019/03/19

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