Volume 24, Issue 88 (winter 2020)                   __Judicial Law Views __2012__, 24(__59__): __224209 | Back to browse issues page

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Hanjani S A, Fahimdanesh A. Exercising FOREIGN CRIMINAL JURISDICTION over State officials. دیدگاه‌های حقوقی. 2020; 24 (88) :185-209
URL: http://jlviews.ujsas.ac.ir/article-1-972-en.html
1- Islamic Azad University , volfgang2@yahoo.com
2- Islamic Azad University
Abstract:   (797 Views)
Our Paper examines the extent to which state officials are subject to prosecution in foreign domestic courts for international crimes. We consider the different types of immunity that international law accords to state officials, the reasons for the conferment of this immunity and whether they apply in cases in which it is alleged that the official has committed an international crime. Legal domestic Judgments around the world particularly in UK and Spain support our approach and we use the findings of the International Court of Justice in several relevant cases such as Arrest Warrant of 11 April 2000. We argue that personal immunity continues to apply even where prosecution is sought for international crimes. Also, we consider that instead of a single category of personal immunity there are in fact two types of such immunity and that one type extends beyond senior officials such as the Head of State and Head of Government. Most of the article deals with functional immunity. We take the view that this type of immunity does not apply in the case of domestic prosecution of foreign officials for most international crimes. However, we reject the traditional arguments which have been put forward by scholars and courts in support of this view. Instead, we consider the key to understanding when functional immunity is available lies in examining how jurisdiction is conferred on domestic courts.

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Type of Study: Applicable Research | Subject: International Law
Received: 2017/03/01 | Revised: 2021/05/09 | Accepted: 2019/05/24 | Published: 2020/10/07 | ePublished: 2020/10/07

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